What Does the Bible Say about Who Jesus Is?

by Harley Pinon


        What does the Bible say about Who Jesus is?  In my article What about the Trinity?, I stated Peter's confession, (Mat 16:16-17 NKJV) Simon Peter answered and said, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

        I know calling Him the Son of God is correct, but what does that mean?  It meant enough to Satan that he challenged Jesus as to whether or not He was the Son of God.  (Mat 4:3 NKJV) Now when the tempter came to Him, he said, "If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread."  The evil spirits referred to Him this way, "And suddenly they cried out, saying, "What have we to do with You, Jesus, You Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?" (Mat 8:29 NKJV) When Jesus stilled the storm at sea, we read,  'Then those who were in the boat came and worshiped Him, saying, "Truly You are the Son of God."' (Mat 14:33 NKJV) 

        What did Jesus have to say about the Trinity?  In Mark 12:28-34 NKJV, we read,  "Then one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, "Which is the first commandment of all?" {29} Jesus answered him, "The first of all the commandments is: 'Hear, O Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is one. {30} 'And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.' This is the first commandment. {31} "And the second, like it, is this: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these." {32} So the scribe said to Him, "Well said, Teacher. You have spoken the truth, for there is one God, and there is no other but He. {33} "And to love Him with all the heart, with all the understanding, with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, is more than all the whole burnt offerings and sacrifices." {34} Now when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God." But after that no one dared question Him.

        Wouldn't this have been a great opportunity for Jesus to have said, "But you must understand that the Messiah is also God," but he didn't instead, He said, "You are not far from the kingdom of God."   Doesn't it seem that Jesus should have helped him understand the Trinity if that were what He wanted us to understand?

        When He was on trial, what was the charge against Him?  It wasn't that He was claiming to be God.  The question was, was He the Son of God.  "But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest answered and said to Him, "I put You under oath by the living God: Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God!" {64} Jesus said to him, "It is as you said. Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven." (Mat 26:63-64 NKJV)  Nothing changed as He hung from the cross  "And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads {40} and saying, "You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross." (Mat 27:39-40 NKJV)  Again, no one suggested that He had claimed to be God, or that anyone understood that He was God.

There were two Adams.

        The Bible gives the account of two Adams.  'And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.'  (1 Cor 15:45 NKJV)  In what possible way was Jesus like Adam?  The Bible refers to Adam as the son of God: "the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God." (Luke 3:38 NKJV)   

        Jesus is also referred to as the Son of God.  "And the angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy offspring shall be called the Son of God." (Luke 1:35 NASB)  Was Jesus just another Adam? Obviously not just another, but were there similarities?  If so, what were they?  We know that Adam had a beginning.  Did Jesus have a beginning?  I think this is a big part of the question of the Trinity.  Did Jesus have a beginning?  Trinitarian teaching is a resounding no!  If He had no beginning, and the Holy Spirit is also God, the third member of the Godhead, and He had no beginning, then don't we have three Gods Who have existed eternally?  Doesn't this contradict what God said of Himself,  'Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, And He who formed you from the womb: "I am the LORD, who makes all things, Who stretches out the heavens all alone, Who spreads abroad the earth by Myself;"'(Isa 44:24 NKJV)  And in Isa 45:18, we read, "For thus says the LORD, Who created the heavens, Who is God, Who formed the earth and made it, Who has established it, Who did not create it in vain, Who formed it to be inhabited: "I am the LORD, and there is no other."  

        The first Adam was formed in a special way by God.  The "last Adam" was also formed in a special way as noted in Luke 1:35 above.  God only knows what would have happened to Adam had he not sinned.  We know the life that Jesus lived. "For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin." (Heb 4:15 NKJV)  Trinitarians like to say that He was fully God and fully human.  I believe this is a contradiction.  If not, then let me concentrate on the fully God aspect for just a moment.  James says,  Let no one say when he is tempted, "I am tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt anyone. (James 1:13 NKJV)  If He were fully God, then isn't James saying he could not be tempted because "God cannot be tempted by evil"?

Where Did He Get His Authority?

        Jesus said, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth." (Mat 28:18 NKJV)  Jesus said authority had been given Him.  If He were fully God, wouldn't He already have all authority?  Along that line, there are some things which Jesus said He didn't know.   "But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father." (Mark 13:32 NKJV)

         "Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all." (1 Cor 15:28 NKJV)  What does this verse, along with Matthew 28:18, say?  Aren't they saying that the authority that Jesus has is authority that God has given Him, and that one day this authority will, in effect, be turned back to God when Jesus, Himself, subjects Himself to God?

        Having been taught as a Trinitarian all my life, I understand the difficulty of turning away from this teaching.  There are verses which we have come to believe support the Trinitarian view, but we need to remember that just as the news is often biased, our teachers, commentators, and even translators of the Bible have had their own biases.  Sometimes it takes a restudy of these verses to realize they may not have said exactly what we thought they said.  The question remains, what do we do with all the other verses that speak of One God, not three?  May God help all of us in our search to find the true meaning of the New Testament and the truths that God would have us understand before the Greek and Roman philosophies, and other doctrines of man confused many doctrines of the Word of God.

Scripture quotations marked "NKJV™" are taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Back to my Home Page    Articles about The Trinity

Hit Counter