Exodus 21 & 22 including astrology

Last time, we studied

The conclusion of Exodus 20

Our study this evening:

We are skipping Exodus 21 except for a brief note and moving on.



Exodus 21: Laws pertaining to slavery, and also personal injury and other laws.


Exodus 22:  Laws concerning property rights and personal responsibility and other laws.


Starting at verse 16, there are some laws and principles that I think are worthy of note:


(Exo 22:16-31 NKJV)  "If a man entices a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall surely pay the bride-price for her to be his wife. {17} "If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the bride-price of virgins.


One law concerning sorcery.


{18} "You shall not permit a sorceress to live.

Elaborated on more fully in Deuteronomy:


(Deu 18:10-12 NKJV)  "There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through the fire, or one who practices witchcraft, or a soothsayer, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer, {11} "or one who conjures spells, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead. {12} "For all who do these things are an abomination to the LORD, and because of these abominations the LORD your God drives them out from before you.


Isaiah’s warning:


(Isa 47:13-14 NKJV)  You are wearied in the multitude of your counsels; Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, And the monthly prognosticators Stand up and save you From what shall come upon you. {14} Behold, they shall be as stubble, The fire shall burn them; They shall not deliver themselves From the power of the flame; It shall not be a coal to be warmed by, Nor a fire to sit before!

Bestiality:  A capital offense


(Ex 22:19) "Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death.


God’s care for strangers


(Ex 22:21) "You shall neither mistreat a stranger nor oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. {22} "You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. {23} "If you afflict them in any way, and they cry at all to Me, I will surely hear their cry; {24} "and My wrath will become hot, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.


Peer pressure is no excuse for doing evil


(Exo 23:2) "You shall not follow a crowd to do evil; nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after many to pervert justice.


Dealing with the poor

(Ex 23:3) "You shall not show partiality to a poor man in his dispute. . . . {6} "You shall not pervert the judgment of your poor in his dispute.


To do justice to the poor. Comparing Exo_23:6 with Exo_23:3, it was the part of the judge to defend the poor against the oppression of the rich, and the part of the witness to take care lest his feelings of natural pity should tempt him to falsify evidence—Albert Barnes


You shall have mercy on your enemy’s animals.


(Ex 23:4) "If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again. {5} "If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying under its burden, and you would refrain from helping it, you shall surely help him with it.


Why do we get the idea that the Old Testament was cold, heartless, and almost cruel?


Bribery Forbidden


(Ex 23:8) "And you shall take no bribe, for a bribe blinds the discerning and perverts the words of the righteous.


The Sabbath Year for the Land


(Ex 23:10) "Six years you shall sow your land and gather in its produce, {11} "but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave, the beasts of the field may eat. In like manner you shall do with your vineyard and your olive grove.


This is further expanded upon in Leviticus


(Lev 25:2-9 NKJV)  "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall keep a sabbath to the LORD.

(Lev 25:3) 'Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit; {4} 'but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the LORD. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

{5} 'What grows of its own accord of your harvest you shall not reap, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine, for it is a year of rest for the land. {6} 'And the sabbath produce of the land shall be food for you: for you, your male and female servants, your hired man, and the stranger who dwells with you, {7} 'for your livestock and the beasts that are in your land; all its produce shall be for food.


The produce arising without tilling or sowing was to be a common good for man and beast. According to Exo_23:11, it was to belong to the poor and needy; but the owner was not forbidden to partake of it also, so that there can be no discrepancy discovered between this passage and the verse before us. The produce referred to would be by no means inconsiderable, particularly if there had not been a careful gleaning after the harvest, or the corn had become over-ripe.--  Keil-Delitzsch

Three required Feasts


(Exo 23:14 NKJV)  "Three times you shall keep a feast to Me in the year:


The First of the Three Feasts:

The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Associated with the feast of the Passover)


(Exo 23:15)  "You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread (you shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt; none shall appear before Me empty);


As I trust we all know, this feast had a fulfillment, if you will, in Christ.


(1 Cor 5:7 NKJV)  Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.

The Second


(Exo 23:16) "and the Feast of Harvest, the firstfruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field.


(Lev 23:10)  "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. . . . {15} 'And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. {16} 'Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the LORD.


“Fifty days” = Pentecost. =

 the firstfruits of your harvest.

What happened on Pentecost?


(Acts 2:1 NKJV)  When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. . . . (Acts 2:41)  Then those who gladly received his word were baptized; and that day about three thousand souls were added to them.


(Lev 23:10)  “then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. . . . {15} 'And you shall . . . {16} 'Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath;”


The Feast of Pentecost:  the first fruits!


Two of these three feasts have been fulfilled.


Passover or “the Feast of Unleavened Bread”

Christ is our Passover!


Pentecost—The first fruits!

How fitting was this fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost when 3,000 were added to the church!


But what about the Third Feast?

(Exo 23:16) . . . and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field.


(Lev 23:39-43 NKJV)  'Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the LORD for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest.  (Lev 23:34 NKJV)  "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the LORD.


This one I think we are waiting to realize.


(Rev 21:3-4 NKJV)  And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, "Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. {4} "And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away."  What a hope!




Bible Study with Harley   Scripture quotations marked "NKJV™" are taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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